What is Renewable Energy?
Renewable energy is energy that is naturally replenishing but flow limited; renewable resources are virtually inexhaustible in duration but limited to the amount of energy that is available per unit of time. There are 5 main sources of renewable energy: Biomass, hydropower, geothermal, wind, and solar.
Biomass energy is produced from non-fossilized plant material. Wood and wood waste are the largest sources of biomass energy in the United States. Hydropower is electricity produced from flowing water. Geothermal energy is heat from the hot interior of the earth or near the earth’s surface. Wind energy is when wind turbines use blades to collect the wind’s kinetic energy. Lastly, the most important form of renewable energy for this project is solar energy. Solar energy systems use radiation from the sun to produce heat and electricity. There are 3 basic categories of solar energy systems which are:
solar thermal systems, solar thermal power plants, and photovoltaic systems.
Photovoltaic systems use solar electric cells that convert solar radiation directly into electricity. Individual PV cells are arranged into modules (panels) of varying electricity-producing capacities. PV systems range from single PV cells for powering calculators to large power plants with hundreds of modules to generate large amounts of electricity. These are better known as “solar farms.”
Solar farms are large-scale solar installations where photovoltaic (PV) panels, referred to as solar panels, or other means of collecting solar energy, like concentrating solar systems are used to harvest the sun's power. They’re different from rooftop solar systems and even commercial solar power systems in a number of important ways.
Solar farms are also known as solar parks and solar power stations. They operate as power plants, just like natural gas power plants or other sources of energy generation that have generated electricity for consumers for the last century. Unlike residential and commercial systems, they’re decentralized and usually consist of ground-mounted solar panels installed across large areas.
In most cases, instead of providing power to a local end-user like a homeowner or business, solar farms provide power to the electric grid and are part of the utility’s energy mix. There are different types of large solar projects, like community solar farms and utility-scale solar farms. Some solar projects, like those built to power data centers or other large users of solar power, have solar farms built purely for their use sometimes onsite, sometimes offsite.
What is a Solar Farm?
The benefits of solar energy are clear, ranging from huge savings in money, minimizing environmental damage, options for conserving energy and bringing it to peripheral places.
Smart utilization of unused green energy
1. Restoration of damaged and contaminated areas and their conversion into green areas that are beneficial to the environment.
2. Construction of heightened solar arrays will give the possibility of shading livestock and sheep.
3. Improving inactive lands and making them of social and community value.
4. Reduction of carbon dioxide from vehicles and factories.